1. Texas: Leading in Executions Despite Lower Murder Rates 2. Oklahoma: Resuming Executions Amidst Botched Controversy 3. Alabama: Executions Persist Despite Lethal Injection Failures 4. Mississippi: New Execution Drugs Amidst Legal Challenge 5. Missouri: Push for Abolition and Judicial Leeway Change

US Death Penalty Executions by Year

A good opening sentence draws the reader in and explains the topic. It can also be thought-provoking or startling.

In most states, a jury must decide whether a defendant should be executed. If the jury cannot agree, the judge will make the decision. Some states allow the general public to attend executions.

1. Texas

Since the Supreme Court reinstated executions in 1984, Texas has executed more people than any other state. That’s despite the fact that the murder rate in Texas is lower than the national average.

A growing number of states have abolished capital punishment, or amended their statutes to make it less onerous. However, there is no evidence that eliminating the death penalty would reduce murder rates or make us safer.

This year was the second consecutive year that the United States executed fewer than 30 prisoners, and the seventh straight year with a low number of botched executions. Seven visibly botched executions occurred in 2022, according to the Death Penalty Information Center (link is external). The most disturbing botched executions involved intravenous lines that were either inserted into veins too slowly or were clogged.

2. Oklahoma

The states of Oklahoma and Texas accounted for half this year’s executions, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. This year, US jurisdictions imposed just 20 new death sentences, and executions are at their lowest rate since 1991, DPIC reported.

That’s a trend that hasn’t halted in Oklahoma, which resumed executions this month after a seven-year moratorium that began with botched executions of Clayton Lockett and Charles Warner. A new method of administering the surgical sedative midazolam has been used in the last two executions, but both men writhed and gasped during their deaths, leading to renewed debate over whether another moratorium is in order. Republican state Rep. Daniel Pae of Lawton says a moratorium could be the answer. He says he wants to break the false dichotomy that people must choose between being “soft on crime” or “tough on crime,” and that a middle ground exists that’s “smart on crime.” Pae also calls for transparency in prosecutorial decisions.

3. Alabama

In 2022, Alabama executed 6 people — more than any other state – despite repeated failures of its lethal injection procedures and a botched execution attempt. Alabama refused to learn from its mistakes and make meaningful changes after the torturous, multi-hour execution of Joe James in July and the botched attempts to execute Alan Miller and Kenneth Smith.

Eddie Powell was executed for killing his daughter’s boyfriend and throwing his body off a rural South Alabama bridge, despite credible evidence that he has intellectual disability. The Supreme Court denied his appeal to vacate the district court’s injunction pending appeal in a one-page decision that did not address the merits of his claims.

Jeff Land was executed despite compelling evidence that he turned his life around on death row and became a peacemaker, according to prison guards who witnessed his transformation. The Court denied clemency in this case and other cases where federal courts have reviewed the prisoners’ constitutional claims.

4. Mississippi

A growing number of states have abolished capital punishment. But in Mississippi, it’s still on the books. It’s also where many of the country’s botched executions have taken place.

But it appears that may be changing. Parchman prison officials say they have a new batch of execution drugs that can be used to put prisoners to death. They’re hoping to use them soon.

But that’s unlikely. Loden is in the middle of a federal lawsuit filed by him and other death row inmates challenging Mississippi’s lethal injection protocol. It’s one of several such lawsuits across the country, filed as states struggle to obtain the drugs needed for executions, with some drug companies reportedly withholding the substances from state governments in order to avoid having their names made public.

5. Missouri

Only Texas, Oklahoma, and Virginia have executed more people than Missouri since the Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment in 1976. But the state’s 97 executions are still relatively low among advanced Western democracies, and it remains a national outlier in its use of the death penalty.

Activists hope 2023 will be the year that lawmakers make small steps toward abolishing the death penalty in the state. They’re focused on eliminating the leeway that some states give judges to impose a death sentence even when a jury can’t agree.

This year, a three-judge panel of the federal Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals halted an execution to allow for a hearing on whether an inmate was competent to be put to death. A similar argument has been raised about the mentally ill man who killed two jail guards in 2000.

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NBA중계: Bringing the Thrill of NBA Basketball to Fans Worldwide

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1. What is NBA중계?
It’s the Korean term for NBA broadcasting, which involves the live transmission of NBA basketball games to viewers, typically through various media platforms.

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You can watch NBA중계 through international streaming services, satellite providers, or by visiting websites that offer live streaming of NBA games.

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Yes, NBA중계 is available in multiple languages, catering to the NBA’s global audience. You can often choose your preferred language option depending on the service provider.…

Challenging Utah’s Firing Squad Protocol in Death Penalty Case

Utah Death Penalty – Ronnie Lee Gardner

Three men have died by firing squad since capital punishment was reinstated in Utah after a decade-long break. One of them, Ronnie Lee Gardner, chose firing squad over lethal injection.

Gardner’s attorneys are challenging the state’s new firing squad protocol, calling it “barbaric.” It involves strapping an inmate into a chair and putting a hood over his head, with a target over his heart.


The last time Utah used the firing squad, Ronnie Lee Gardner sat in a chair with sandbags around him and a target pinned over his heart. Five prison staffers lined up, and each fired a bullet from 25 feet away at his chest. One of the bullets, however, was a blank. That’s to prevent later resentment by those bothered that they may not have killed the inmate.

Many states have dropped the electric chair and firing squad in favor of lethal injection, largely because it takes less time. But Idaho’s governor recently signed a bill that would allow the state to use the firing squad if it can’t get the drugs necessary for lethal injection.

Proponents say firing squads are more humane than lethal injection. They’re quicker and more accurate, and a shot to the heart should cause a quick death. Sonia Sotomayor, a Supreme Court justice, wrote in 2017 that firing squads “may well be the most humane method of execution.” It’s an assertion some legal scholars agree with.


In the days of military discipline, the firing squad was standard punishment for soldiers who committed traitorous acts or refused to fight. In a Utah prison in 2010, Ronnie Lee Gardner sat in a chair with sandbags around him and a target pinned over his heart while five prison staffers fired from about 25 feet away. He was pronounced dead two minutes later.

The state has remodeled its death chamber, installing bullet-resistant glass between the room and witnesses, and a metal firing squad chair into which the condemned will be strapped. A rectangular opening in the wall 15 feet from the chair — positioned so that the shooters’ rifles and the open portal are not visible to witnesses — will allow prisoners to make a final statement before they are strapped into the seat and a hood is placed over their heads.

One commenter argued that the change implements an existing statutory provision and does not expand federal capabilities or increase liability for prison workers. The Department disagrees.


In modern firing squads, the condemned are often blindfolded or hooded to avoid emotional trauma. One rifle is loaded with a blank round, and it’s not known which member of the team holds it, to prevent tampering or identification of the shooter.

The Utah Department of Corrections denied MuckRock’s request for any training documents related to the firing squad, claiming that the records contain “security plans, codes, combinations, security procedures, etc.” and are exempt from public disclosure under state law.

Many scholars, politicians, and prisoners who have been condemned to death argue that firing squads are among the quickest and least painful methods of execution available. In 2017, liberal Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor wrote a fiery dissent that defended firing squads after an Alabama inmate elected to be executed this way over fears of a botched lethal injection.

Final Shooter

After the prisoner is hooded and strapped to the chair, he is faced with five marksmen who train their rifles through a rectangular opening in the wall 15ft away. They fire blanks while keeping their faces hidden, an ancient tradition that allows each shooter to retain some level of deniability.

It’s a method that hasn’t been widely used since the Supreme Court lifted its ban on executions in 1976, with just three firing squad executions taking place – the first of which was Ronnie Lee Gardner in Utah. But the technique could soon make a comeback, after South Carolina passed a law in 2021 allowing it to be used if lethal injection isn’t available.

Some opponents of the death penalty, such as Sonia Sotomayor in 2017, have argued that it might be the most humane way to die. But that assertion has been disputed by many other experts. It’s also been difficult for prison officials to obtain the lethal drugs they need to execute prisoners, with drug companies refusing to supply them.

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